24 Feb 2015

Nigeria’s Backward March - by Eric Teniola

During the tenure of Gen. Yakubu Gowon from 1976 to 1975, the two best friends of Nigeria were Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (1892-1975) “power of the trinity” and Alhaji Hamani Diori (1916-1989), the first President of the Republic of Niger. Their frequent visits to Nigeria during that time made them to be regarded as Nigeria’s best friends. In short, their frequent visits to Lagos kept the agile Ikeja airport correspondents on their toes.

Those correspondents include Dapo Aderinola, now in America; Pastor Jimi Aderinokun; Rabiu Bako; Godwin Esiri; Tayo Falade; Banji Ojewale; the late Sesan Ogunro; Emeli Fonwo; Chief Oloyede; Kunle Egbeyemi; James Bello; Godfrey Odu; the late Kola Adeshina; Kunle Adekoya, Seinde Dagunduro; Toye Akiode; Demola Osinubi and the present Kabiyesi of Akinale in Ogun State, Oba Femi Ogunleye, among others.

So intense was the friendship that in 1972, a detachment of the Brigade of Guards under Maj. Gen. Joseph Nanven Garba was sent to Niamey, capital of Niger Republic by Gowon, to quell a coup attempt on Diori. He survived the coup at that time but was eventually toppled on April 15, 1974 in a coup led by Lt. Col. Seni Kountche in which Diori’s wife, Aissa, was killed.

That Gowon could send a detachment of the Nigerian Army, that is the Brigade of Guards, to Niger at that time spoke volumes of the power of the then Nigerian Army.

The Brigade of Guards was formed in September 1962. It has two battalions, 3 and 26 battalions.

The Nigerian Brigade of Guards is unique in its customs and traditions. It is the only formation in the Nigerian Army where commissioned officers carry walking sticks as part of their dress regulation. Officers are allowed to wear web belts in the Mess, an exception (to) the rule in all other Messes. The Brigade is also one of the few formations in the Nigerian Army where all ranks fly plums (Green-red in colour). It is customary for all officers posted to the Brigade to be decorated with its insignia, Walking sticks, lanyards and plums on plums on assumption of duty. Another unique feature of the Guards is a very high level of proficiency in drills of all types. It has the highest level of espirit-de-corps in the Army.

It was established as a special formation, tasked to provide security for the Head of State as the highest political office in the country in conjunction with other security agencies. It mounts other ceremonial duties as may be required by the office. Instructively, the Brigade has undergone several changes and transformation in terms of nomenclature, location and strength. The successive commanders have therefore tried to improve the efficiency of the Brigade and maintained the vision of its founding fathers. The Brigade has become the pride of the Nigerian Army thus, in addition to its assigned roles, it is seen as an epitome of regimentation in the Army.

In the first four years of its formation after it was established in 1962, Lt. Col. Wellington U. Bassey, Maj. David S. Ogunewe, Captain Mobolaji Johnson, Captain Frank Obioha, Major Donatus O. Okafor, and Major B. Ochei all had the privilege of leading it.

Following the appointment of Garba as a foreign minister in 1975, the leadership of the Brigade of Guards fell on Maj. Gen. Paul Tarfa from Garkinda in the North-East, whose entire family was wiped out by the Boko Haram recently.

If the Brigade of Guards could be so effective years ago, one can imagine the mighty strength of the entire Nigerian Army years then. How are the mighty fallen!

The Economic Community of West Africa Monitoring Group was formed on May 29, 1981 during the tenure of President Shehu Shagari. The group is made up of Ghana,Sierra Leone, Gambia, Niger, Mali, Chad, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Liberia and others.

Because of the strength of the Nigeria Army then, Nigeria supplied nine out its 11 field commanders. They include Maj. Gen. Felix Muajhperuo, Maj. Gen. Abdul Muhammed, Maj. Gen. Timothy Shenpidi, Maj. Gen. Rufus Kupolati, Maj. Gen. Idowu Adetunji Olurin, Maj. Gen. Victor Malu, Maj. Gen. Joshua Dongoyaro, Maj. Gen. John Inieger and Maj. Gen. Isaac Obiakor.

Now, the same country that supplied all these field commanders is at the receiving end. The ugliest aspect of the war on Boko Haram was when I saw troops sent by President Muhammadu Issoufou of Niger Republic on the BBC to help Nigeria in our plight against Boko Haram. It made me wonder. I am still perplexed. It was as if I was in a dream. I kept asking myself, is it this same Nigeria?

Just imagine the Niger Republic sending troops to liberate us from the claws of Boko Haram, a country with a population of less than 17 million which is not up to the population of Lagos State. The same with Chad, another landlocked country with a population of less than 12 million. And Cameroon too. It’s as if we have fallen to the bottomless pit.

The country we knew and were proud of, is falling before our eyes. Certainly, something is wrong with us. We should be marching forward not backwards. No doubt we have mismanaged ourselves. We should be the ones liberating and not be the ones being liberated. We should maintain our status as a regional superpower with all our resources, population and effective personnel. Nigerians abroad are excelling in all their calling and the world is aware; then, why can’t we exhibit such brilliance here at home?

In spite of all this, I believe the last days of our republic have not come and the inevitable doom is not around us. Not at all. The present could redefine us and spring us to action. We must wake up from our deep slumber and take up our positions in the comity of nations. Our case is not tru ja fuit. Meaning, “Troy was; Troy is no more.”

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